UK household energy consumption drops by 24.7%

Household energy usage in England and Wales has fallen by almost a quarter since 2005, according to Office for National Statistics (ONS) data released today.

ONS area based analysis for household energy consumption in England and Wales between 2005 and 2011 reveals that all of the English regions and Wales consumed 24.7% less energy per household during the period, a drop from 26.2 megawatt hours (mWh) in 2005 to 19.7mWh in 2011. Over the seven years, households in the East Midlands consumed the most energy consumption each year; however this usage was reduced by 29.4%, from 39.0mWh per household in 2005 to 27.5mWh in 2011.

The ONS data shows that on average, households in the milder climate of South West of England used the least energy for five years during the period and Wales achieved the lowest energy consumption per household in 2005 and 2011.

According to the BBC, consumers may be using less energy and economising because of sharp rises in energy bills, which are said to have increased by 28% in the last three years. However, more households are taking energy efficiency measures, such as installing insulation, double-glazing and new boilers.

Public awareness of energy consumption and environmental issues is said to be increasing and the UK government has been making efforts to encourage lower energy usage with the introduction of the Green Deal initiative, where various energy efficient improvements are offered to householders at no upfront cost. This includes work such as cavity or loft insulation and the resident will eventually pay for them through small payments taken out energy bills.

In addition, smart meters are to be installed in 53 million homes by 2020. These meters provide householders with a measurement of exactly how much energy they are using at any given time.

German renewables group Entrade acquires bio-energy firm Agnion

German renewables specialist The Entrade Group said today it had acquired bio-energy plants operator Agnion Energy Inc from its owners for an undisclosed amount.

Entrade agreed this month to buy the business from venture capital firms Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Wellington Partners, Munich Venture Partners and waste management services provider Waste Management Inc (NYSE:WM).

The vendors’ previous combined investment in the target amounts to EUR35m (USD45m).

Benefits from the acquisition include technology transfer and synergies in wood gasification, the buyer noted.

Agnion, which is headquartered in Pfaffenhofen, Germany and has a branch in Bolzano, Italy, will be integrated into Entrade Energiesysteme AG.

Two investor groups agree to acquire energy trader LDH Energy

Dutch commodities trader Louis Dreyfus Commodities BV and US hedge fund Highbridge Capital Management LLC have agreed to dispose of their energy trading joint venture Louis Dreyfus Highbridge Energy LLC (LDH Energy) to two investor groups, the target firm said on Thursday, without revealing financial terms.

The new owners will be DF Energy Acquisition LLC, a private investment firm owned by Glenn Dubin, and a group of strategic and financial investors including investment vehicles of family trusts created by Paul Tudor Jones and Timothy Barakett, as well as Continental Grain Company / Paul Fribourg. They will have non-operating positions with the company.

LDH Energy’s chairman and CEO William C Reed II welcomed the agreement, saying it opens a new chapter in the company’s future growth, aimed at increasing its merchant footprint and expanding asset portfolio. The experience in global finance and industry and the fresh vision of the new owners are a guarantee for great growth prospects, Reed added.

Louis Dreyfus Commodities Group said it would focus on its core business as a global commodities group, while remaining a minority investor in LDH Energy.

Glenn Dubin, who is also co-founder and chairman of Highbridge Capital and served in the board of LDH Energy for the past five years, pointed out that the target firm had built a strong operating platform supporting a diversified energy business that is well positioned for future growth.

Once the transaction closes, LDH Energy will operate under the new name Castleton Commodities International LLC, keeping its management team, but with a new board.
Completion is expected by the end of the year, subject to conditions.

DF Energy Acquisition LLC received advice from Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP and Bank of America Merrill Lynch. The investor group was advised by Sullivan & Cromwell LLP, while Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP advised Highbridge Capital Management and Cohen & Gresser LLP advised LDH Energy’s management team.

Forestar’s target Credo Petroleum gets no offers

US oil and gas explorer Credo Petroleum Corp (NASDAQ:CRED) announced on Tuesday it had received no alternative takeover approaches during the go-shop period agreed with its suitor Forestar Group Inc (NYSE:FOR) in June.

The agreement announced on 4 June for $14.50 (€11.60) a share, or some $146m in total, allowed Credo to seek alternative proposals during a 30-day period which ended on 3 July, the target firm said.

At the signing of the agreement, Credo’s chairman James T. Huffman said that the deal, backed by both companies’ boards, reflected the value built into Credo since it started its transition four years ago from natural gas to oil. Forestar’s size and substantial oil and gas portfolio would help step up that transition, while the tie-up would create synergies from the combined human and technical resources, Huffman added.

For Forestar, the acquisition of Credo would more than double its existing oil and gas production and proven reserves, give it operating flexibility and establish a strong platform for future growth, the group’s president and CEO Jim DeCosmo has said. It also serves Forestar’s Triple in FOR strategy to accelerate value realisation and boost net asset value through investments, he added.

Credo expects now to wrap up the deal in the second half of this year, pending a number of conditions, including clearance from its shareholders.

The transaction does not need the approval of Forestar stockholders and it is not subject to financing conditions.

The target company has substantial assets in regions including North Dakota Bakken and Three Forks, Kansas, Nebraska, the Texas Panhandle and Oklahoma.

National Grid completes disposal of New Hampshire distribution business

British power and gas distributor National Grid Plc (LON:NG) announced today it had wrapped up the $285m (€226.8m) sale of its New Hampshire electric and gas distribution units to a subsidiary of Canada’s Algonquin Power & Utilities Corp (TSE:AQN), or APUC.

The deal was signed back in December 2010 and got the final clearance by the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission at the end of May 2012. Under its terms, National Grid sold Granite State Electric Co and Energy North Natural Gas Inc to APUC’s regulated distribution utility Liberty Energy Utilities (New Hampshire) Corp. The completion occurred yesterday.

The vendor said it had received gross proceeds of $309m, including working capital of $24m. The purchase price represents a multiple of 11.9 times the business’ EBITDA for the fiscal year to 31 March 2010. National Grid noted it plans to use the money for general funding purposes.

The British company announced in May 2010 it was considering its alternatives for an exit of both of its New Hampshire-based gas and electricity distribution businesses. National Grid was then approached by various suitors but decided that Algonquin’s proposal was the most attractive outcome for its stockholders.

Hanergy agrees deal to acquire Q-Cells’ Solibro division

Hanergy Holding Group Limited, the Chinese renewable energy company, said it had agreed to acquire Solibro GmbH, the thin-film division of German solar cell manufacturer Q-Cells SE (ETR:QCE), without disclosing any financial details.

Hanergy explained its move with the 25-year experience of Solibro and the successful development of its copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) co-evaporation technology. The buyer’s chairman Li Hejun said the acquisition will consolidate the group’s position on a global level and create synergies that will bring added value to both companies.

Jason Chow, senior vice president of Hanergy Industrial PV Group, in turn, commented that his company will support Solibro’s proven track record in the thin-film CIGS technologies with its wide network, solid production capacity and long-term R&D investments.

Upon completion, Solibro will keep its staff and leadership team as well as its operations and after-sales service.

Beijing-headquartered Hanergy Holding Group, with units in China, the US, the UK, Italy, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Singapore and Hong Kong, was set up in 1994. It’s installed hydroelectric capacity stands at 6,000 MW.

Kinder Morgan and El Paso complete $21bn merger

US natural gas pipeline operator Kinder Morgan Inc (NYSE:KMI) said it had finalised its planned USD21bn (EUR16.7bn) combination with peer El Paso Corp (NYSE:EP) announced last October.

The transaction, effective as of 25 May, converts Kinder Morgan into the largest midstream company and the fourth largest energy company in North America, based on enterprise value.

Its new position as the US’ largest transporter and storage operator of natural gas, ensures many growth opportunities for Kinder Morgan in the US, which it plans to pursue as means to create value for shareholders and to benefit employees and customers, chairman and CEO, Richard D. Kinder, said.

As part of the merger, El Paso agreed in February to sell its exploration and production business EP Energy to a group led by private equity firm Apollo Global Management LLC (NYSE:APO) in a deal worth some USD7.15bn, which has also been completed, the companies said.

In order to secure regulatory clearance for the tie-up, Kinder Morgan had agreed to sell some of its own assets, which it plans to do in the third quarter this year. The Federal Trade Commission gave it six months from the date of its ruling on 1 May to complete the divestment.

The acquisition of El Paso was financed with cash and stock.
Kinder Morgan said the combination will be accretive to its results. It will generate annual cost savings of over USD400m, above Kinder Morgan’s initial projection of around USD350m, the buyer added.

E.ON sells gas grid to a Macquarie-led consortium for €3.2bn

German utility E.ON AG (ETR:EOAN) said it had agreed to sell its gas grid in Germany Open Grid Europe (OGE) to a consortium of Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund 4, Infinity Investments, British Columbia Investment Management Corp and Meag Munich Ergo for around EUR3.2bn (USD4bn).

E.ON said it would use the proceeds from this divestment to cut debt and invest in growth operations.

The group, which aims to raise some EUR15bn from disposals by 2013, said the sale of OGE brought it closer to that target. So far E.ON has sold assets worth over EUR12bn, it said.

OGE, the former gas transmission division of E.ON Ruhrgas AG, has been separated from the parent company in 2010 and established as an independent transmission operator in line with the European Union (EU) norms.

Now the firm operates the largest gas transmission system in Germany, serving as a key centre in Europe for shipments of bulk gas from Russia and Norway.

The Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund 4 of Australian banking group Macquarie Group Ltd (ASX:MQG) headed the buying consortium. Edward Beckley, head of Macquarie Infrastructure and Real Assets in Europe, commented that OGE was a very well run firm in a stable and regulated environment.

According to unnamed sources cited by Bloomberg, the buyers had resorted to nine banks to underwrite loans of over EUR2bn to help finance the deal.

E.ON said it expected to wrap up the sale in the third quarter of this year, pending clearance from the German Federal Cartel Office and the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology.

EC gives oil majors the green light to take joint control of Angola LNG

The European Commission said on Wednesday it had given its consent to the deal by oil and gas companies BP plc (LON:BP) in the UK, Chevron (NYSE:CVX) in the US, Italian Eni SpA (BIT:ENI), French Total SA (EPA:TOT) and Angolan Sonangol to take joint control of liquefied natural gas producer and supplier Angola LNG Ltd.

The regulator said it had found no competition concerns regarding the deal as the joint venture is anticipated to have a moderate market share, leaving room for a number of credible competitors in the market of interest for the EC whose ability to access re-gasification terminals will not be changed.

The JV would transform natural gas into LNG which it would then sell to clients around the world for re-gasification.

It would use natural gas obtained as a by-product from oil production and transported along pipelines to its liquefaction plant in Angola.

Although Total, Eni and BP hold capacity rights in re-gasification terminals in the European Economic Area, third party access to these terminals is ensured under the European Union (EU) law, the EC said, adding that the JV deal would not result in any changes in the competitors’ ability to access gas import infrastructures.

Based on all these findings, the EC concluded that competition in Europe will not be affected by the transaction, it said.

According to a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed in 2007, Chevron would have 36.4% in the JV, Sonangol would hold 22.8%, Eni 13.6%, Total 13.6%, and BP 13.6%.